Technology

Advanced Linear Electro-Floatation (A.L.E.F.)

Our treatment process A.L.E.F. (Advanced Linear Electro-Floatation) stands alone as the most innovative and cost-effective water treatment technology in the world today. Greenfield systems are capable of treating wastewater in over 35 different key industries, from the oil and gas sector to aquaculture, poultry farming and municipal water facilities.

In contrast to the dependency on chemicals in the majority of today’s wastewater treatment facilities, Greenfield’s A.L.E.F. system uses a combination of natural forces including, but not limited to: Electrocoagulation (EC) / Electro-floatation (EF), magnetism, Vortex-induced Vibration, Frequency Resonance, advanced fluid dynamics and certain aspects of Scalar Energy to achieve the most efficient and thorough treatment possible. In addition, our systems utilize supplementary power sources such as solar and one of the natural by-products of our treatment process - hydrogen.

Greenfield’s A.L.E.F. system is the product of over 5 years of research, development and field-testing, culminating in the most advanced, cost-effective wastewater treatment system on the market today. Greenfield takes great pride in having engineered each component of A.L.E.F. to run via the laws of nature and physics, down to our self-cleaning mechanism, which utilizes water pressure and treatment by-product to clean the system electrodes and core components, leaving a near zero environmental footprint. Other so-called chemical-free systems use either an acid wash or hydrogen peroxide for cleaning.

A.L.E.F. systems utilize the fundamental concepts found in electrocoagulation / electro-floatation, the passing of electrical current through water and various elemental catalysts, which has proven very effective in the removal of contaminants from water. However, our systems go far beyond the standard concept of today’s electrocoagulation systems by utilizing advanced concepts in physics and magnetism as well as fluid dynamics. In addition, in the A.L.E.F. process, Greenfield utilizes numerous treatment byproducts, such as hydrogen and oxygen to not only cut the systems power requirements and cost, but to further the water treatment process by oxygenating the contaminated water.

The A.L.E.F. process is based on principles involving responses of water contaminants to strong electric fields, currents, and electrically induced oxidation and reduction reactions. Depending on the solution matrix, this process is able to remove over 99 percent of heavy metals and is able to disrupt cell wall or cell membrane of microorganisms in the water. It is also able to precipitate charged colloids and remove significant amounts of other ions, colloids, and emulsions. When the system is in place, the operating costs including electric power, replacement of electrodes (minimal compared to other EC systems on the market), pump maintenance and labor and can provide our clients with superior treatment at less than $1 per thousand gallons for many applications. Applications to agriculture and quality of rural life include removal of pathogens and heavy metals from drinking water and decontamination of food processing wash waters.

A.L.E.F. is able to neutralize ion and particle charges, thereby allowing contaminants to precipitate, reducing the concentration below that possible with chemical precipitation, and can reduce or replace the use of expensive chemical agents (metal salts, polymer). A.L.E.F. has reduced contaminated water volume by 99% and lowered the treatment cost by 90% for bilge water containing heavy metals and oil emulsions.

Advanced Automation and Telemetry

Greenfield’s systems are fully automated for safety, performance, and ease of operation. The automation system for A.L.E.F. was designed in-house by Greenfield Resources and in most cases allows for only a single operator. The A.L.E.F. system was designed with the hope that one day Greenfield will be able to distribute compact systems to remote, rural areas around the world in order to provide clean water to those whom need it most. Thus said, the ease of operation allows for Greenfield technicians to train everyone from the commercial operator to the rural villager to run the system with only a brief three hour training session.

Remote Access

A.L.E.F. will have advanced telemetry included, allowing for both clients and the Greenfield command center to oversee, monitor and run the system and adapt the treatment remotely.

Cost Monitoring

A.L.E.F. has a built in cost monitor, which allows clients to set a predetermined treatment cost in order to control treatment budget. Example: If Company A insists that the treatment for Project X be no greater than $0.003 per gallon, which will be programmed into the system and alert the operator to adjust treatment to keep the system within the client’s desired range. The system also allows for client company managers and the Greenfield command center to monitor costs.

The A.L.E.F. system has multiple screens that can all be easily accessed from the main screen, which include: operation, treatment preset, maintenance, supplementary power, pressure and operation, cost and much more.

Vortex-Induced Vibration and Vortex Frequency Resonance in A.L.E.F.

Vortex-Induced Vibration and Vortex Frequency Resonance have played significant roles in Greenfield’s water treatment technology and systems. We have found when incorporating a spiral motion into both our influent and effluent flow patterns we have witnessed a significant increase in both energy efficiency and overall treatment effect, often as much as 33%.

Vortex Frequency Resonance is a technology that combines vortices, magnetism and the ability to program beneficial frequency patterns into water and is incorporated into many aspects of A.L.E.F. Allowing water to have a more natural crystalline structure. By implementing technologies within our systems that have subtle electro-magnetic influences on water, A.L.E.F. has proven to induce positive bio-frequencies into the water.

Water has molecular memory thus the ability to store and share information. Even once we remove the harmful contaminants water is encoded with the memory of those frequencies. Moreover, chemicals are a major culprit in damaging the physical properties and crystalline structure of water. Studies and research of many renowned scientists including Nikola Tesla, Royal Rife, John Keeley, Walter Russell and Viktor Shauberger have all used different methods to come to the same conclusion as per the properties and molecular memory of water.

Water that has a low vibration attracts insects, algae, and unhealthy bacteria. This happens because the bond angles in the water molecules have changed. Adding additional chemicals does not solve the problem. In fact, the bacteria in the water will begin to adapt and evolve, becoming more resistant to chemicals that are designed to eliminate bacteria. This happens in much the same way that people require stronger and stronger antibiotics to fight bacteria. Water’s crystalline structure is absolutely vital to its homeostasis. Homeostasis is a self-regulating process by which biological systems tend to maintain stability while adjusting to conditions that are optimal for survival. If homeostasis is successful, life continues; if unsuccessful, it leads to lack of dissolved oxygen, acidic pH, and the optimal growth medium for bacteria, viruses, and parasites. The water pollution challenges we face today must be met with a non-toxic approach with systems such as Greenfield’s A.L.E.F.

Our research has shown that you regenerate water on the molecular level by swirling and coiling it in its characteristic spiral motion. This is where it undergoes an electromagnetic transformation and regains its homeostasis. With the projected demand for water far exceeding the availability of freshwater resources, the world’s population will be turning to technologies such as A.L.E.F. The understanding and development of such quantum applications of water treatment will greatly reduce the need for toxic chemicals currently in use in todays water treatment facilities.

Solar and Hydrogen as Supplemental Power for A.L.E.F. Operations

In 2003, Nobel Laureate Dr. Richard Smalley stated that, "energy is the single most critical challenge facing humanity." The world is facing an epic dilemma. The majority of energy (86%) is derived from fossil fuels (oil, coal, and natural gas), which are non-sustainable resources that at some point may be completely exhausted. Furthermore, increasing concerns over the impacts of these resources on global climate, human health, and ecosystems around the world are prompting researchers to find renewable alternatives for meeting our growing energy demand. Hydrogen has tremendous potential as a fuel and energy source. Burning hydrogen does not contribute to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, acid rain or ozone depletion due to the fact that its oxidation product is only H2O vapors. Furthermore, hydrogen is highly efficient as it has the highest energy content per unit weight among the gaseous fuels. The energy content is 120 MJ/kg for H2, 44 MJ/kg for gasoline and 50 MJ/kg for CH4, 26.8 MJ/kg for ethanol. Moreover, hydrogen can be derived from a wide variety of biomass-based substrates and domestic waste materials that are also by-products of Greenfield’s A.L.E.F. technology, so it can be cost-effective, clean, sustainable and renewable which all add value to A.L.E.F. and further lowering operation costs.

A.L.E.F furthers its uniqueness on the market by utilizing the by-products of our system’s wastewater treatment, such as hydrogen and oxygen, to not only further the treatment process by re-oxygenating the polluted water, but by further separating the hydrogen for use as supplementary power. At Greenfield we believe in integrated, sustainable solutions and strive each day to make our systems more efficient and cost effective. Greenfield is currently researching the production of both methane and hydrogen from waste and biomass, which will also be a by-product of certain A.L.E.F. treatments as derived from aquaculture, agriculture and water remediation.

At Greenfield, we have presented a new method for hydrogen production by adapting the electrolysis to a renewable source of energy such as photovoltaic (PV) to generate the maximum quantity of hydrogen. Simulation results show firstly that the use of a DC/DC buck-converter on a passive, separate hydrogen producing A.L.E.F. reactor having an MPPT control allows a better adaptation between the PV generator and electrolysis. It also shows that the control of water flow injected in the electrolysis gives optimal hydrogen production. These two controls (MPPT and water flow) lead to optimal performances of the electrolysis system and therefore a maximum hydrogen production.

Water electrolysis principle for hydrogen production in brief:

Electrolysis of water is the decomposition of its molecule into hydrogen and oxygen. A potential is applied across the electro chemical cell to cause electro-chemical reactions at the two electrodes.

The main part of the PEM water electrolysis is the membrane electrode assembly (MEA). A perfluorosulfonic acid polymer such as nafion is used as a membrane for water electrolysis in our passive hydrogen producing reactors. Due to its intrinsic properties, excellent chemical and mechanical stability and high proton conductivity is produced. Note: By “passive” reactor it is meant that such a reactor is not used for water treatment but solely to produce hydrogen and oxygen for further utilization.

For the anode, the catalysts are based on certain alloys (not named) that are relatively stable and more practical as an anode electro-catalyst compared to the more expensive option of platinum. For the cathode, the same can offer the best performance and is commonly used in the A.L.E.F. electrolysis of water for hydrogen production. The water introduced at the anode is dissociated into oxygen, protons and electrons:

H2O(l) / 1⁄2O2(g) þ 2Hþ þ 2e- (7)

Under an electric field, the protons are entrained through the PEM membrane to the cathode where they combine with electrons coming from the external circuit to form hydrogen gas:

2Hþ þ 2e- / H2(g)

Afterward the hydrogen is stored in multiple fuel cells and used for supplementary power, which dramatically lowers the cost of treatment and further allows for treatment in locations where the electric grid is not as established as in the industrial countries.

Aquaculture

Aquaculture economies are growing worldwide at a rate of approximately 7% per year. As of 2015, Aquaculture accounts for more than 35% of all direct and indirect aquatic production and consumption worldwide.

It is estimated that Aquaculture will provide in excess of 50% of all direct and indirect aquatic production by 2025. A clean method of aquaculture will soon become a necessity in feeding a growing world population.

The Problem:

  • Ammonia
  • Harmful Bacteria
  • Toxic Pollution

These three elements add up to an acceptable mortality rate worldwide during commercial shrimp and fish farming of 70%. This means that 7 out of every 10 fish and shrimp farmed die during the growth process before they can be harvested. The reason for this is the introduction of nitrates in the shrimp and fish food being introduced into a bacterial environment caused by the feces from the live stock. This causes the development of ammonia, which then not only kills 70% of the yield but also causes severe toxic pollution and damage to the local waterways and surrounding ecosystems.

A.L.E.F. in Aquaculture

  • The natural ability to remove harmful bacteria and ammonia without the use of chemicals.
  • A clean and profitable way to feed a growing population.

How it Works:

The electrolysis of brine water creates sodium hypochlorite. When the sodium hypochlorite mixes with water it forms hypochlorous acid, which is measured as free chlorine. The shrimp / fish food worldwide contain nitrogen compounds. When the nitrogen compounds are introduced into a bacteria-rich environment such as fish / shrimp feces, the nitrogen cycle proceeds. (NH3-->NO2-->NO3-->NH3--> repeat...). Ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, ammonia, repeat. The chlorine compounds (hypochlorous acid, chloramine, et al.) are taken out only by the catalytic activated carbon, though the free chlorine needs much less retention/contact time with the carbon than the chloramine to be removed.

Simply Stated:

Our process naturally kills the bacteria and removes the ammonia, which translates into a much lower mortality rate in commercial aquaculture and larger and healthier fish / shrimp, saving companies millions and creating a much more healthy product for consumers and eliminates damage to nearby waterways and ecosystems.

The Numbers – What A.L.E.F. does:

  • Lowers the mortality rate in commercially farmed fish and shrimp from as high as 70% to under 9%.
  • Increases the size of farmed fish and shrimp by 8% to 19%
  • Provides the consumer with a clean, healthy supply of seafood without the heavy metals and harmful (and potentially deadly) pathogens and agents
  • Provides a cleaner, more profitable environment for the commercial aquaculture farmer

Greenfield’s aquaculture treatment system will revolutionize the way that fish and shrimp are commercially farmed. Our systems will provide a larger, healthier yield while using no harmful chemicals, providing a profitable yield for the farmer, as well as a safe and clean supply of fresh fish and shrimp for the consumer.

A.L.E.F. will soon prove to be a necessity for all shrimp and fish farms.